Mulher de Educação (Women Network) has been developing activities
in the area of food security and environmental education.
the partner-educator and counselor Ruth Takahashi is working with
groups of women from São Paulo city and region, with a project
of food reeducation and live and enriched alimentation.
and workshops are being organized to share with women an another
way to take care of the alimentation. It is a challenge, because
in this modern world, with lack of time to take care of the alimentation,
we started to consume the already prepared food, canned food,
fast food, etc. All of this is being justified as an advantage
to the woman, commodities, facilities, and way to win time, etc,
but today we are sicker.
diseases of the civilized world are directly connected to the
quality and the way we prepare our meals.
you can find delicious receipts meals produced by women from the
Casa de Solidariedade de Caieiras (Caieiras Solidarity House),
which is providing lunches to events and meetings. They are receipts
that talk about this new/old way to feed ourselves, showing a
little of the result that is being achieved in this work with
women and the challenges that are present.
Security: reflections from some experiences
Thinking about food security is
reflecting about the process the production of foods and your
and your quality from the rural regions to the table. This presuppose
a process of production environmentally correct, with organic
preference and non-trangenic and a way of distribution of the
food types that guarantees the access to the feeding by all the
Woman and Food
Historically, women play a fundamental role in the alimentation of the family, according to the following information:
are the principles of women’s sustainability, with the purpose
of feeding everybody, according to women’s movement in the World
Security Food Platform:
care with the preparation of meals requires today more time from
the whole family to achieve this work, and the biggest challenge
for the women will be on how to guarantee a better quality, without
doing all alone the domestic work in the production healthier
What is enriched food?
enriched food is the one that combines many meals, mainly the
parts more nutritive, making an integral improvement of them.
Presupposes an access to information about quality, nutritive
value of each meal, the way to prepare and to consume in a way
to preserve this quality. It is the way to prepare the meal, appropriately,
for any human being.
enrichment of meal or the offering of enriched alimentation is
made in a procedure usually associated to the combat to a severe
child lack of nutrition, specially for the characteristic of being
a instrument of fast answer. Meanwhile, the application field
of this procedure could be way more wide and could involve many
different aspects of feeding techniques, that are usual in families
and programs of nutrition and alimentation conduced by the public
on the principle that the quality in the alimentation is given
by the variety and not by quantity, it was developed along the
last two decades a technology simplified in nutrition that stimulates
the use of regional products and mainly using non-conventional
parts of the food.
The conception of alimentation propitiated by these feeding alternatives has the following characteristics:
Easy to prepare
High nutritive value
5. Stimulus of autonomy of own population to the combat against hunger.
access is facilitated by the fact that this quality is found in
the backyards, in vegetable leaves before despised, herbs, seeds
little known and residues from factories of rice and wheat.
production of these nutritional complement - bran, leafs powder,
seeds - is made through a very easy technology and of wide knowledge:
to select, to grind, to toast and to sift the ingredients that
compose them. It could be made individually or in crowd regime
in a community.
Through a combination of diverse kinds of meals, with multi-mixture, it is possible to take advantage of all nutritive potentiality of the meals.
to the idea of multi-mixture, it is more nutritive to use less
quantity and more variety, because different meals offers a bigger
richness of nutrients and bigger possibility of balance. The multi-mixture
– enriched flour or multiple flour as it is been called – is produced
starting from the balanced mixture of components normally wasted,
such as: rice bran and toasted wheat, flour of cassava leaf, sweet
potato and pumpkin, watermelon, melon, sunflower, chestnut, sesame,
utilization of multi-mixture is given from a wide idea of alimentation
that rescue traditional actions and works with local and non-conventional
products, since the optic of “complete alimentation”.
kind of work could go against by the feeding preconception by
the fact of the utilization of non-conventional products, even
if they are present in the region: suggest that refers to “poor´s
food”. Still added, the risk of being creating a citizenship feeding
of second category, in contrast with the alimentation of the rich
based on products more noble. According to this, the Pastoral
da Criança (Children House) tries
to demonstrate that the proposal is not directed only to the poor,
looking to reduce the cost of alimentation in the budget. Even
children and adults with a high level of consume suffers deficiencies
mostly of micro nutrients, in function of industrial super procedure
of the meals, creating undesirable habits and visible consequences
to the health: the diseases of civilization - obesity, allergies,
diabetes, rheumatism, cancer,
hearth attack, hemorrhage, etc. According to the Pastoral da Criança, the methodology of feeding reeducation is facilitated
by the fact that everything is taking off from experience lived
by the families and that they look for ways to enrich what the
mother or the family members likes to eat.
to what was said before, it is put the necessity to follow how
the new feeding habit is learned by the family and to verify if
it remains. This and other questions are contemplated by the partnership
methodology used by the Pastoral
da Criança, which is turned to the formation of community
leaders to act with the mothers. So, there are a small number
of leaders that participates in the day by day of the communities
and are close to the families, being the responsible by making
the follow-up of the work in many aspects, meeting monthly to
Pastoral da Criança
has overall an information system and a follow-up with indicators
of impact. The results obtained in the 15 years of actuation revealed
a healthier growth of the child inside and outside of the uterus,
a bigger resistance to infections, the prevention and cure of
nutritional anemia and the reduction of diarrhea and respiratory
diseases. The decadence in the child mortality verified in the
period of 1994 and 1997 was of 43%; in the specific case of Piracicaba
city (State of São Paulo), the index of children innutrition decreased
from 47,3% to 3,8% and of mortality from 13,2% to 1,3% of the
population attended. The monthly cost estimated in the actions
is of R$1.00 per child, in a way that the annual total costs of
the Pastoral da Criança
would correspond to 108 day of a only federal hospital.
formulation of multi-mixture is made in articulation with institution
of research like Embrapa. With all, was registered the relative
absence of researches and of available information about plants
considered to be herbs
that could be eatable or to be used as a medicine, a fact particularly
serious in face of the country richness on bio diversity. The
quality control of the Pastoral´s work is made by a capable team
of technicians to execute it.
obstructive, there are professionals of health that are against
the utilization of “multi-mixture”, including medical plants as
a substitute of the medical treatment. According to the directors
of Pastoral, the pediatricians’ initial resistance was changing with
the work evolution and with the improvement showed by the children,
in a way that they are, today, partnerships.
The enriched alimentation as a public politic
project of enriched alimentation developed by the Instituto
Pólis (a non governmental organization) makes part of the
activities in the area of security feeding and keeps proximity
with the focus of Pastoral
da Criança, but, looking to introduce a enriched alimentation
directly as a component of municipal public politic of food security.
The strategy adopted is to use the integral use of the meals and
the enriched flour in the school alimentation offered by the districts.
The project was initiated in 1994 in Rio Branco (State of Acre),
being later applied in Apucarana (State of Paraná) and actually
today in Ribeirão Pires city, located in the São Paulo City region.
the Rio Branco´s experience, were used products from the Amazon
(purpunha, chestnut, cassav a, corn
and rice). It is an action articulated with two programs from
the municipal city hall: the creation of job and of income and
the valorization of the florest´s products (FLORA). In the case
of Apucarana city, were attended 13 thousands children through
the enrichment of school feeding.
with the Casa de Farinha
(Flour House) were constructed a community bakery where bread,
cakes and sweets were also enriched. Also, a bus “steering wheel
school”, that has a kitchen inside, started to give courses to
mothers and district associations, and in the city’s periphery.
Parana´s project was one of the winners of the prize “Gestão Pública
e Cidadania”, from Fundação Getúlio Vargas and Fundação Ford.
The actual actions in Ribeirão Pires city are developed in 10-day nursery for poor children, reaching around 900 children. The responsible persons for it call the attention to the fact that to involve all the teams from the day cares in this process of feeding reeducation unleashed many actions:
Necessity perception of a work more integrated in the day cares between the kitchen’s team of educators and of the administration; of the secretary between the many departments: supervision of the educative work, meal service and the the articulation of inter-secretaries program and with the civil society, to configure a public politic and assure a continuity of these actions. Starting from this project is being established partnership:
With the secretary of health to:
as the day cares gives priority to give the place for the mothers
that works, this ends ups contributing with the short period of
breast feeding, since
there is no organized support to the continuity after the ingress
of the child.
the challenges now placed, is just the one to create indicators
of diagnostic and evaluation, as well to make a study of cost-benefit
of the program and of empower mechanisms of follow-up and control
by the civil society of projects and actions of public politics.
evaluation made by the University of Brasília, together with 3
day cares, comparing children
who was used to eat the enriched and conventional alimentation,
showed that the last presented some caries, tooth loss, etc, much
inferior to the first. In the written report made by the city
hall in the city of Palhano, in the state of Ceará, is said that
the alternative kitchen using enriched alimentation provoked a
significative reduction in the volume of expense with school meal-
from 70% to 20% of the resources volume designated to the education-
and improved the school work. Belo Horizonte city is an example
of massive use of enriched alimentation, organized effectively
as a part of the politics of alimentation.
impacts of enriched alimentation adoption are of distinct orders,
going since the evident economy in the domestic budget until the
combat to the wasting and the reduction in the production of organic
garbage, passing by the valorization of importance of the micro-nutrients
in the challenging of the so called “hidden hunger”, that not
only the skinny children and of poverty pockets, involves the
inadequate alimentation. In the other hand of the homogeneous
way created by the market, this focus looks to rescue regional
habits and traditional meals of the Brazilian culture like the
corn, the cassava and savage vegetables. Trying to give more value
to the place that the ritual of alimentation always occupied in
the people’s life, this focus contributes to the reflection about
production standards and of sustainable consumption, when we establish
the links between feeding standards., the environment and health.
It means an optic of autonomy that substitutes the one of dependency
of basic baskets, promoting a reeducation and the own knowledge,
bigger perception and determination about the own body. These
are components of feeding citizenship that the project of enriched
alimentation wants to promote.
(Cabbage leaves, pitanga, acerola, chayote,
etc) with maracock, lemon or pineapple)
How to prepare:
How to prepare:
Beat first the leaves in
the blender. Filter and put the residues on the soup or farofa
(beats of meat). Beat the juice with the rest of the ingredient,
filter and serve.
ENRICHED BREAD WITH VEGETABLE AND SEEDS
How to prepare:
the pumpkin in 2 cups of water, with sugar, salt, and, for last,
the ferment, only to dissolve it. After, beat these ingredients
in a pan, and add the wheat flour and the hydrated bran wheat
before at part, with 1 cup of hot water. Mix and batter very well.
Let it rest for 1 hour. Mix once again, adding the seeds or hydrated
laminated oat. After, models the breads as you wish.
To make sweets threads, add more half a cup of sugar and oil. Before
baking them, prepare the cover with 1 egg yolk, sugar, oil and
add any seed or laminated oat. Let it grow until folds the volume.
Put it to bake on a pre-warmed oven.
SEMI-INTEGRAL BREAD ENRICHED WITH SEEDS
How to prepare:
Liquefy or dissolve the
ingredients in a pan; add the wheat flour, the bran wheat, the
hydrated bran wheat, at part 1-cup of hot water. Mix and batter
very well, letting it rest for 1 hour. Mix it once again, adding
the seeds or the hydrated laminated oat. After, model the breads
as you wish. Let it grow for 1 hour.
Observation: to bake you
must put the bread in oven pre-warmed.
OR MARACOCK MOUSSE ENRICHED WITH BUDDING JUICE OR LINSEED SEEDS
How to prepare:
the maracock in the blender, filter the seeds, dissolve the jelly
with this juice. Return to the blender, adding the budding, the
linseed or the condensed milk. Put them in the refrigerator for
the quantity of water recommended in the packing to dissolve the
jelly must be substituted by the juice extracted from the maracock.